New PDF release: 2008 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic
"Knowing your epidemic" is key for everybody keen on the reaction to HIV. broadly illustrated with graphs and charts, this biennial document offers concise yet complete summaries of significant concerns within the worldwide AIDS reaction. Annexes offer HIV estimates and information 2001 and 2007, and likewise state growth signs.
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Extra resources for 2008 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic
8 times the prevalence found in antenatal clinic surveillance. The level of adjustment varies, based on the proportion of urban to rural populations within a country. New research has also led to important revisions in the assumptions used in the models developed by UNAIDS and WHO. One such revision relates to estimates of HIV incidence and AIDS mortality. Central to these is an assumption about the average time people survive from HIV infection to death in the absence of antiretroviral treatment (Stover et al.
It has been argued that concurrent partnerships—in conjunction with high viral load during acute HIV infection and the low level of male circumcision—have contributed to the rapid spread and the high prevalence levels of HIV in southern Africa (Halperin & Epstein, 2007). Few epidemiological and mathematical modelling studies have investigated the prevalence of concurrency and its effect on the transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. Early modelling work concluded that, for the same number of partners per person, sexual partner networks that include concurrent partnerships lead to larger HIV epidemics than do networks without concurrent partnerships (Morris & Kretzschmar, 1997).
2006; Ministry of Health [Pakistan], 2006). 14. 15 projects the long-term effects of the intersection between injecting drug use and sex work in Jakarta, Indonesia—a metropolis in which an estimated 40 000 people inject drugs (Commission on AIDS in Asia, 2008). Although the epidemic was initially powered by HIV transmission among injecting drug users, about 15 years later, injecting drug users no longer comprise the majority of people infected with HIV. 15 [Indonesia], 2006; Ministry of Health [Indonesia] & Statistics Indonesia, 2007).
2008 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic by UNAIDS