New PDF release: A Mother's Job: The History of Day Care, 1890-1960 (2003)
By Elizabeth Rose
American citizens at the present time reside with conflicting principles approximately day care. We criticize moms who pick out to not remain at domestic, yet we strain girls on welfare to go away their kids in the back of. We realize some great benefits of early early life schooling, yet don't offer it as a public correct till teenagers input kindergarten. our kids are helpful, yet we pay minimal wages to the overwhelmingly girl group which cares for them. we're not fairly definite if day care is unsafe or worthy for kids, or if moms may still relatively be within the team. to raised know how we now have arrived at those present-day dilemmas, Elizabeth Rose argues, we have to discover day care's past.
A Mother's Job is the 1st publication to provide such an exploration. subsequently examine of Philadelphia, Rose examines the various meanings of day deal with households and companies from the overdue 19th century throughout the postwar prosperity of the Fifties. Drawing on richly certain files created by way of social staff, she explores altering attitudes approximately motherhood, charity, and kid's needs.
How did day care switch from a charity for terrible unmarried moms on the flip of the century right into a well-known want of normal households by means of 1960? This ebook lines that transformation, telling the tale of day care from the altering views of the households who used it and the philanthropists and social employees who administered it. We see day care in the course of the eyes of the immigrants, whites, and blacks who relied upon day care provider in addition to via these of the pros who supplied it.
This quantity will entice somebody drawn to figuring out the roots of our present day care concern, in addition to the wider problems with schooling, welfare, and women's work--all concerns within which the foremost questions of day care are enmeshed. scholars of social heritage, women's historical past, welfare coverage, childcare, and schooling also will come upon a lot worthy details during this well-written book.
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Additional info for A Mother's Job: The History of Day Care, 1890-1960 (2003)
Focusing on children may also have been a way of presenting the institution itself as worthy of aid; managers were proud of the buildings and furnishings they had provided, and pictures of groups of children inside the nursery showcased these efforts better than focusing on the mothers. But the emphasis on children also served to downplay the fact that the day nursery served working mothers. Women were presented in these reports as mothers needing safe care for their children and as wives abandoned or disappointed by their husbands, but never as workers.
82 In fact, extending membership to female relatives of women already serving on the board was so common that occasionally a mistake was made: At a 1918 meeting, the First Day Nursery board learned that “Mrs. 83 The elite standing of many day nursery board members, and their access to the wealth of their families, was vital, since board members were responsible for raising the funds necessary to operate the nurseries, as well as for overseeing their daily operations. In the early years, many managers were actively involved in running the nurseries, although the founders of the Jane D.
Because most day nursery managers were ambivalent about maternal wage-earning, even in the face of dire economic conditions, they tended to emphasize their service to children rather than the paid work for mothers that they made possible. Fearing the negative consequences of taking on “a mother’s job,” day nursery managers simultaneously stressed the homelike nature of their nurseries and sought to reshape the homes from which day nursery children came. Day nurseries were intended for working mothers, but not for all working mothers.
A Mother's Job: The History of Day Care, 1890-1960 (2003) by Elizabeth Rose