Download PDF by Richard S. Katz: A Theory of Parties and Electoral Systems
By Richard S. Katz
Political events and elections are the mainsprings of contemporary democracy. during this vintage quantity, Richard S. Katz explores the matter of ways a given electoral approach impacts the position of political events and how within which occasion participants are elected. He develops and assessments a idea of the diversities within the harmony, ideological habit, and factor orientation of Western parliamentary events at the foundation of the electoral platforms below which they compete. a typical within the box of political thought and proposal, The conception of events and the Electoral System contributes to a greater knowing of parliamentary celebration constructions and demonstrates the large application of the rationalistic strategy for explaining habit derived from the self-interest of political actors.
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Extra info for A Theory of Parties and Electoral Systems
Now that the most likely objects for the campaign of a candidate competing in a PR system have been identified, what implications does this have for the content of his campaign? To answer this question requires a four-step argument. First, the identity of the parties against which the candidate should focus attention must be elaborated upon, Second, the likely number and distribution of these parties must be considered. Third, the pattern of competition that ought to result from this situation must be outlined, Only then can the strategy most appropriate for this pattern of competition be established, If parties could be portrayed as occupying positions on a unidimensional issue line with each voter selecting the party nearest her most preferred position on that line, then those parties occupying adjoining positions would be in the most direct competition precisely because they would be the least different.
Specifically, it is assumed that: 1» Electoral competition may be modeled adequately as taking place in an /t-dimensional policy space, where n is greater than or equal to two. The dimensions will be referred to here as issues, but may represent personality evaluations* ethnic or geographic ties, partisan loyalties, and so forth, in addition to specific questions of public policy. Where issues refers only to policy questions, this should be clear from the context, While the term issues, as used, here, refers to mutually independent dimensions, this should not be confused with an assumption that each policy stand articulated by the parties is completely unrelated to all the others and to personality, ethnic, or other considerations.
In the 26 A. Theory of Parties and Electoral Systems single-member case of particular concern here, this means that the most valuable transfers are those occurring between the strongest candidate and his closest competitor* Thus, the most intense and important conflict in each single-member district should occur between the top two parties. Ie The differing values of votes depend on what parties they are coming from or going to. This phenomenon may be illustrated by a simple example. Suppose three parties competing in a single-member district currently share the vote in a ratio of 48:46:6.
A Theory of Parties and Electoral Systems by Richard S. Katz