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By Jason S. Lee
Abstraction is one aspect of highbrow functioning. The examine of abstraction permits tremendous worthy insights into human intelligence. whereas this monograph shows that the facility to imagine abstractly declines just a little with age, there are various variables picking summary pondering and its relation to intelligence over the life-span. This monograph defines abstraction from all angles of proposal, contrasting it with high-order considering and stereotyped considering; it discusses and evaluates checks of summary considering; and it offers new findings in sociological and mental examine on abstraction.
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Extra resources for Abstraction and Aging: A Social Psychological Analysis
The Aging Twins Study In 1947 the New York State Psychiatric Institute collected psychometric data for the first wave of its Study of Aging Twins. Initially, 134 pairs of twins (white residents from the state of New York aged 60 years or older) were given a battery of tests designed to measure intellectual functioning. The battery consisted primarily of five subtests from the Wechsler-Bellevue scale: Similarities, Digits Forward and Backward, Digit Symbol Substitution, and Block Design. Surviving twin pairs were retested in 1955, 1957, 1967 (when the average age was about 85), and for the last time in 1973.
Many of us know some elderly people who, by example, confirm these notions, and others who, being mentally astute and wise, contradict them. There is no simple answer to the question whether intellectual functioning declines in adulthood, yet the topic is of direct interest to us all. ; and (d) Is evidence of decline or stability partly a function of the method of data collection used to arrive at answers to these questions? The latter issue cuts across the 30 2. Abstraction Over the Life Course others, thus providing a window onto each.
In later maturity negative changes are apparent with progressive age reductions in functional efficiency. More recently, Labouvie-Vief (1985, p. 30. 095, which is not significantly different from the square of the correlation coefficient. This shows that there is not a significant amount of nonlinearity in the age-abstraction relationship. 3 . Intellectual Decline in Adulthood? 1. Abstraction by Age (N = 615) The neural noise theory, which complements the deficit model , attributes agerelated decline in intellectual functioning to biological maturation.
Abstraction and Aging: A Social Psychological Analysis by Jason S. Lee