Get Alternative Fuels: The Future of Hydrogen PDF


By Michael Frank Hordeski

ISBN-10: 0881735191

ISBN-13: 9780881735192

Spiraling oil costs, hovering global call for, long term oil provide concerns, and extending issues over the weather effect of carbon emissions all are elements contributing to quickly starting to be help and severe efforts towards the improvement of a hydrogen-based economic system. This publication will tackle some of the elements affecting present and rising power use offerings, together with the supply and desirability of assorted fuels - and particularly, hydrogen. subject matters comprise strength coverage, gasoline offer developments, statistics and projections, oil reserves, substitute situations, power usage, sustainable power, price research, gasoline escalation, power and improvement, regulatory matters, limitations to implementation, conversion structures, garage structures, thermodynamic potency, gas chain potency, life-cycle potency, expertise matters, extracting, refining, air emission concerns, safeguard, ordinary fuel, hydrogen fuel, methanol, ethanol, steam reforming, and gasoline cells.6 x nine, 244 pp, Illus., Hardcover

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Large pipes are placed above the ovens where the gas is subject to a shower of cold ammoniacal water. At this time it precipitates some of its tar. The primary and secondary condensers are used to get out the rest of the tar. Then the water from scrubbers absorbs the ammonia and the oils are distilled. Iron oxide purifiers remove toxic products such as sulphuretted hydrogen and hydrocyanic acid. The distillation of one ton of soft coal yields about 1,500 pound of coke, 100 pounds of tar for road construction and waterproofing, 10 pounds of benzol which may be distilled to provide gasoline and napthalene, 7 pounds of ammonia for the manufacture of fertilizer and 12,000 cubic feet of gas for heating.

The coal is ignited by remote control and at first the fire is fanned by cold air. The gases derived from the distillation rise to the surface. When the reaction is under way, the temperature is raised and the proportion of oxygen in the incoming air is reduced. The distillation spreads from the bottom to the top of the coal panel. Another process is called electro-linking, where two boreholes are drilled close to each other. An electric cable terminating in an electrode is lowered in each hole.

S. Air Force, Navy and the Army in the 1940s when fuel supplies were a concern. After World War II and prior to the Arab oil embargo in 1973, oil was selling for less than $3 per barrel. The fuel supply problem was not a concern. S. and the price of oil quadrupled. This started renewed research into alternative energy supplies including solar power. Hydrogen Safety Many believe that hydrogen is particularly dangerous. There are some that think hydrogen energy is related to the hydrogen bomb. But, hydrogen used as a fuel involves a simple chemical reaction involving the transfer of electrons to produce an electric current while a hydrogen bomb requires a high temperature nuclear fusion reaction similar to that which occurs in our sun and other stars.

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Alternative Fuels: The Future of Hydrogen by Michael Frank Hordeski

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