An Introduction to Theories of Personality, 6th Edition by Robert B. Ewen PDF
By Robert B. Ewen
Meant as an top point undergraduate and/pr graduate point textual content for classes on theories of character, character conception, character, or psychology of character. It offers an advent to the tips of an important character theorist
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Extra resources for An Introduction to Theories of Personality, 6th Edition
Observing one’s parents’ sexual intercourse. The chaotic, irrational mode of thought representative of the id. The principle that nothing in the psyche happens by chance; all mental activity has a prior cause. The “fuel” that powers all mental activity; an unobservable, abstract construct. (1) The name Freud gave to his theory of personality. (2) The method of psychotherapy devised by Freud. Delaying the discharge of tension until a suitable object has been found; a function of the ego. The logical, self-preservative, problem-solving mode of thought representative of the ego.
The oral individual also tends to be gullible (liable to “swallow anything”), and to overdo such pleasures as eating or smoking. It is possible for the defense mechanism of reaction formation to convert these characteristics into their opposites, however, leading to pronounced independence or suspiciousness. Thus psychoanalytic theory typically describes behavior patterns in terms of polarities, such as gullible–suspicious, with the ideal falling somewhere between the two extremes. 30 SIGMUND FREUD CAPSULE SUMMARY The Psychosexual Stages, Fixation, and Regression Erotogenic Zone Duration; Description Source of Conﬂict Personality Characteristics Oral Mouth, lips, tongue About age 0–11/2 years.
Overindulgence or too much frustration during a psychosexual stage will result in harmful ﬁxations, as we have seen. The child may suffer such traumatic events as observing the parents’ sexual intercourse (the primal scene), being seduced by an adult, or (in the case of the boy) being threatened with castration. This overwhelms the immature ego with more excitement than it can discharge, a painful condition, and creates the impression that sexuality is dangerous. During the phallic stage, lack of love may prevent the superego from introjecting proper standards.
An Introduction to Theories of Personality, 6th Edition by Robert B. Ewen