Read e-book online Analyzing Crime Patterns: Frontiers of Practice PDF

Social Services Welfare

By Victor Goldsmith, Philip G. McGuire, John H. Mollenkopf, Timothy A. Ross

ISBN-10: 0761919406

ISBN-13: 9780761919407

This quantity indicates how cutting-edge geographic details platforms (GIS), used to demonstrate styles of crime to stimulate powerful techniques and decision-making, are revolutionizing city legislation enforcement. The participants current professional details for realizing and effectively making use of the newest applied sciences during this box.

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Extra resources for Analyzing Crime Patterns: Frontiers of Practice

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FEARS: ESTIMATING THE GEOGRAPHY OF FEAR What the "fear surface" looks like in a city is an intriguing mystery. Fear refers to the apprehension that people feel when crime has occurred, or may occur, in their own experience, in their neighborhood, or in their imaginations. The geography of EE1 INTRODUCTION fear can be visualized as a three-dimensional surface, with the city in x-y space and some fear metric as the ζ axis. Fear is the corollary of threat, and both generally decay with distance. Although many people identify inner-city environments as more fear-ridden compared to their suburban counterparts, there are peaks and val­ leys of fear in the inner city that correspond to hot spots of violence.

A given data set may be mapped in a virtually infinite number of ways. Even the representation of point locations can be symbolized in different ways, and decisions about scale affect the perception of all map components including hot spots. At a very small scale, for example, a city crime map may appear as a blur of overlapping points. At a very large scale, all hot spots disappear, with the possible exception of those at single addresses. This begs the question of how to deal with multiple incidents at the same address, which without special treatment appear as single points.

The national survey of crime severity. S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statis­ tics. Wolfgang, Μ. , Figlio, R. , Tracy, P. , & Singer, S. I. (1985b). Sourcebook of crime severity ratios for core-item offenses (Microfiche No. NCJ-96329). S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. C H A P T E R 4 The Spatial Analysis of Crime What Social Scientists Have Learned CHARLES SWARTZ This chapter reviews macrolevel and microlevel spatial research concerning social and physical environments and discusses the applicability of this research to actual police activity.

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Analyzing Crime Patterns: Frontiers of Practice by Victor Goldsmith, Philip G. McGuire, John H. Mollenkopf, Timothy A. Ross

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